Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is a cultural melange, a place where you can find a church, a synagogue, and a mosque all in one neighborhood. It is also the site of an assassination that changed the course of history.
Almost 101 years ago, on June 28, 1914 (which was both the Archduke’s wedding anniversary and the date of an important historical battle that marked the beginning of the fall of Serbia to the Turks—a sensitive date for Serbian nationalists), the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were touring Sarajevo, part of a territory that had been annexed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, to which Ferdinand was the heir.
That day, there were two attempts on his life. In the first, a bomb was tossed into his car. It rolled off without harming the occupants. The second attempt was successful: Gavrilo Princip shot the Archduke and his wife at point blank range. Both were fatally injured and died within the hour.
This assassination sparked a series of events that led to the beginning of World War I. The shot was fired here:
(For all those who didn’t know, Dolphie is a serious history buff.)
More recently, Sarajevo was under siege for almost four years during the Bosnian War for Independence (1992-1995). During this time, there was frequent shelling, which resulted in mass death and destruction. Holes in streets caused by mortar shells were filled with red resin to mark the places that people were killed, and these became the Sarajevo Roses:Walking the paths of history is hungry work. Luckily, Sarajevo has a savory pastry snack that can satisfy even the hungriest dolphin: Burek.
Burek is a savory phyllo dough pastry stuffed with meat and potatoes. Similar foods can be found anywhere that the Ottoman Empire had influence.
(Two things: 1 – AW80D stands for Around the World in 80 Dolphies, wherein we follow the international adventures of Dolphie, mascot of Shoreline Community College; 2 – Credit where credit’s due, so thanks Wikipedia and History.com, and if you’d like to see where I got my information, just click the links.)